standard value of production

standard value of production
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  • Value product — The value product (VP) is an economic concept formulated by Karl Marx in his critique of political economy during the 1860s, and used in Marxian social accounting theory for capitalist economies. Its annual monetary value is approximately equal… …   Wikipedia

  • Production leveling — Production leveling, also known as production smoothing or – by its Japanese original term – heijunka (平準化?),[1] is a technique for reducing the muda waste and vital to the development of production efficiency in the Toyota Production System and… …   Wikipedia

  • Value Stream Mapping — is a Lean technique used to analyse the flow of materials and information currently required to bring a product or service to a consumer. At Toyota, where the technique originated, it is known as Material and Information Flow Mapping [Learning to …   Wikipedia

  • Standard Spanish — or neutral Spanish is a linguistic variety, or lect, that is considered a correct educated standard for the Spanish language. Standard Spanish is not merely Spanish adjusted to fit in prescriptive molds dictated by a linguistic overseeing… …   Wikipedia

  • Value and Capital — is a book by the British economist John Richard Hicks, published in 1939. It is considered a classic exposition of microeconomic theory. A central result in consumer demand theory that the book builds on is that goods have value even with only… …   Wikipedia

  • Value added tax — Taxation An aspect of fiscal policy …   Wikipedia

  • Standard of living in the People's Republic of China — Before 1949 the Chinese economy was characterized by widespread poverty, extreme income inequalities, and endemic insecurity of livelihood. Though it has been argued that in the Ming Qing Period the standards of living reached and stayed at a… …   Wikipedia

  • Value chain — The value chain, also known as value chain analysis, is a concept from business management that was first described and popularized by Michael Porter in his 1985 best seller, Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance .A… …   Wikipedia

  • Standard Chinese phonology — The phonology of Standard Chinese is reproduced below. Actual production varies widely among speakers, as people inadvertently introduce elements of their native dialects. By contrast, television and radio announcers are chosen for their… …   Wikipedia

  • production, theory of — ▪ economics Introduction       in economics, an effort to explain the principles by which a business firm decides how much of each commodity that it sells (its “outputs” or “products”) it will produce, and how much of each kind of labour, raw… …   Universalium

  • Value Added Tax — Taxe sur la valeur ajoutée Pour les articles homonymes, voir TVA. La taxe sur la valeur ajoutée (TVA) est un impôt indirect sur la consommation. C est un type d impôt récent inventé le 10 avril 1954 par Maurice Lauré, pour remplacer les impôts… …   Wikipédia en Français


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